Your credit score plays a major role in determining whether a bank will lend you money, how much, and the interest rate that you’ll be able to get on your mortgage. Make sure your credit reports are accurate and up to date before you apply for a mortgage.
By law, you’re allowed to check your credit report for free once per year.
Your credit score can range from 300 to 850. Most scores fall between 600 and 700. Lenders put a lot of emphasis on your credit score, because it helps them determine how likely you are to pay back your mortgage.
You can find more information about how to improve your credit and maintain good credit on sites like:
If you have a good credit rating, it can help you get better mortgage options and lower mortgage interest rates. Alternatively, a low credit score may lead to a higher interest rate on your mortgage to make up for the increased risk.
Your credit report includes your name, any aliases, current and previous addresses, your Social Security number and possibly your marital status. When you review your credit report, make sure that this information is accurate and up to date.
These include all regular installment or revolving credit lines, such as department store charge cards, auto loans, mortgages and credit cards. Your report should show information about each account, including the date you opened the account, your beginning balance, your current balance, and the number and frequency of any late payments.
Court records include bankruptcies, judgments, satisfied judgments, liens, satisfied liens and divorce. These may also be included in your credit report.
Each time you apply for credit and a potential credit grantor looks at your credit file, an “inquiry” appears on at least one of your credit bureau files. Inquiries can also appear when an existing credit grantor reviews your credit periodically (for example, to increase your credit line), or when you review your own credit report. Reviews of your credit file by existing lenders and your own annual review of your credit report will not affect your credit score.
Your credit report will not include information about your ethnicity, salary history, religion, checking or savings accounts, stocks and bonds, medical history or personal assets.
There are no quick fixes to improve your credit score. But if you work at it steadily, you can improve your score over time by consistently paying your bills on time, making payments for the minimum amount due and reducing your debt.
If you have trouble remembering when bills are due, consider setting up email or text payment reminders with your payees.
Pay more if you can afford to.
Try to keep your balances low compared to your total credit limit. Using a high percentage of your total credit limit may hurt your credit score.
Even if you’re no longer using a credit card, keeping it open can show a long credit history, which may help your score. Keeping unused accounts open can also result in a lower balance in relation to available credit. But don't apply for credit you don't need to increase your available limit - doing so may give the appearance of a negative change in your economic circumstances.
Credit reporting agencies record billions of transactions—including yours—every day. Given that huge volume, it’s not surprising that reporting errors can happen. When you get your credit report, review it carefully. If you see any errors, complete the dispute form provided by the credit reporting agency. The agency must investigate and respond to you within 30 days.
You can also request that the credit reporting agency send notification of the correction to all the creditors that have received your report in the last six months, including your prospective mortgage lender. Correcting errors in your credit report can help improve your credit score, as well as your chances of getting approved for a lower mortgage rate.
When you order your credit report, keep in mind that your lender has a sense of proportion. Many people, at one time or another, have had trouble making a payment on time. Late payments don’t automatically disqualify you from getting a mortgage. Many people may find themselves in difficult financial situations because of illness, divorce, temporary unemployment or other circumstances.
Although your credit history is important, it’s still just one factor in the decision to approve your mortgage. If you can demonstrate that your credit problem is in the past and you’ve been able to re-establish a good track record, speak to your Home Lending Advisor openly and honestly about your situation. They’ll work with you to evaluate your current credit profile and determine what mortgage options are best for you.
Results of the mortgage affordability estimate/prequalification are guidelines; the estimate isn't an application for credit and results don't guarantee loan approval or denial.
All home lending products are subject to credit and property approval. Rates, program terms and conditions are subject to change without notice. Other restrictions and limitations apply.